Turkey and China have established a judicial cooperation mechanism that deepened multidimensional relations between Turkey and China following President Erdogan`s official visit to China in May 2017. In addition to the extradition agreement, the justice ministries of the two countries signed a Memorandum of Understanding in November 2018 to improve cooperation between their judicial authorities. The documents: The file is 92 pages long and includes the Extradition request made by the Chinese government in May 2016, which supports police reports, Turkish translations provided by the Chinese government and Turkish government documents from 2017, which show that the request was accepted by the Turkish Ministry of Justice and that legal proceedings have been initiated. The text of the agreement, obtained by Nordic Monitor, contains ambiguous language that could trigger the extradition of many Uighurs from Turkey and violate the extradition mechanisms governed by the European Convention on Extradition (ECE) to which Turkey is a party. The ECA provides for the extradition of persons wanted for criminal proceedings or the execution of a sentence. It should be noted that Turkey and China signed a draft extradition treaty in 2017, but the Turkish parliament has not yet ratified it. The People`s Republic of China and Turkey signed a cultural cooperation agreement in November 1993. Exchange programs include sports, education and current events.  Article 2, paragraph 2 of the Agreement between Turkey and China states that “it is not important that the laws of both parties categorize the offence in the same category or describe the offence in the same terminology.” According to the article, the parties could request the extradition of their citizens, although the offence does not fit within the scope of the relevant laws of the other party. “In the event of an emergency, each contracting party may request the provisional arrest of the wanted person before the extradition request is forwarded to the required party,” Article 9 states. According to Turkish media, Ankara has quietly deported a small number of Uighurs and more than 1,000 Uighurs are currently in prison in Turkey.
This figure could increase after Parliament ratifies the extradition agreement. Olcay Kilavuz, an MPH MP, told the FRG that there was “no [current] agenda on TBMM to vote on the proposed extradition agreement with China.” Turkey and China signed a draft extradition treaty in 2017, but the Turkish parliament did not ratify it. Erdogan wants the Chinese to cut cheques again. In 2010, China and Turkey signed eight strategic cooperation pacts. It could increase its annual trading volume to $100 billion this year. In 2019, Erdogan said the people of Xinjiang were living happily ever after. Now he supports the persecution of Uighurs by allowing their extradition to China. The Uighur service of the FRG met with MPs from the Turkish minority party The Nationalist Movement (MHP), which holds 49 seats in the 600-seat TBMM, and the IYI party, which holds 37 seats in the legislative branch. Everyone said that the draft extradition treaty would probably not be put to a vote in the near future, in part because of the support that most Turks receive for the Uighurs. New documents have shown that an extradition request from China for a Uighur man has advanced within the Turkish judicial system, with the man detained for 12 months earlier and now awaiting trial, the Axios news website reported.